by ELY DEJARESCO
A member of the clergy who recognized the possibility that the Holy See, thru a Pope like Pope Francis, might, in the future, rule to make celibacy optional among priests, said that â€œit is easier said than done.â€
Fr Antonio Pernia, SVD, former and twice elected as the first Filipino and Asian Superior General of the Society of the Divine Word (SVD) covering 70 countries all over the world ,said that there are many implications and factors to be considered concerning â€œoptional celibacyâ€ among priests because of the nature of their ministry.
Fr Tony Pernia, now dean of Studies of the Divine Word Institute of Mission Studies at the Divine Word Seminary in Tagaytay City, who was in Dumaguete City conducting a Lenten retreat among the national congregation of the Sisters of Mount Carmel here at their Balugo motherhouse, said that the two kinds of priests are the â€œreligious and the secular (or diocesan) â€ priests.
The former profess their own congregationsâ€™ voluntary but perpetual vows of â€œpoverty, chastity (or celibacy), and obedienceâ€ before they are ordained priests. Therefore, they are â€œhooked for lifeâ€ to follow their vows at the risk of â€œdeparture,â€ meaning, no longer a society member if they violate their vows.
The secular priests are usually under the dioceses, who do not have the vow of poverty, and may earn income depending on the diocesan policies.
IN Dumaguete, the â€œarancelsâ€ are now abolished and replaced with standard monthly living allowances for priests, as their own income, for their daily living.
Secular priests , Fr Pernia said, may be covered by optional celibacy if made a new rule by the Vatican. But not the religious priests.
Moreover, there are collateral issues related to optional celibacy which has to be seriously studied and considered. For instance, the actual implementation of an optional celibacy rule. Would the rule refer only to married men who, with the proper motivation, formation and training, ask to be ordained priests, (thus, â€œmarried priestsâ€ in the sense of married men getting ordained?) Or would it also apply to priests who had been ordained (usually without thought of marriage) and who later seek or discover a partner in life and thus ask to be married, (thus, â€œmarried priestsâ€ in the sense of ordained priests getting married?).
Parallels with other Churches which allow a married clergy usually go in the first direction rather than in the second. A married man may opt to enter the priestly ministry, but a single seminarian has to decide to be celibate or not, before being ordained priest, with no option to retract. He is free to choose. If the priest chooses to marry, then, as in the case today, he has to be laicized (or reduced or returned to the lay state).
On the other hand, the married man turned-priest has to undergo the usual training in the seminary first. The married priest is subject to assignment to any parish regardless. The married man turned-priest has to provide for his own family for food and shelter; should his family be allowed to live in the convent. If the married priest dies, he settles his own issue of succession only of his own real, paraphernal or personal properties. His intestate estate is subject to tax.
On the other hand, a single celibate priest is provided and is entitled to free board and lodging in the convent or mission house; he does not pay income tax being part of a religious congregation; he has no succession issue to settle; in the religious sector, he enjoys the free use of the congregationâ€™s properties and amenities such as cars and mission houses; his travel expenses are covered by his congregation plus other amenities.
Fr Tony Pernia said, that if given the option, he will choose to remain single and celibate. Easier and less complicated life, he quipped.